Philippine Education

Education in the Philippines changed radically, and was before patterned from both of educational systems of Spain and the United States. However, after the liberation of the Philippines in 1946, Filipinos then had moved in various directions of its own.

Elementary and high school education is compulsory, and is administered nationally by the Department of Education, along with the assurance of funding for school services and equipments, recruitment of teachers for all public schools, and the supervising and organization of the education curricula.

Based on the current education system of the Philippines, students should enter elementary schools at the age of 6 or 7, and for a duration of 6 years. Then, at the age of 12 or 13, students then enter high schools for a duration 4 years, with a total of 10 years of compulsory education.

However, recently, the Department of Education proposed the K-12 education system, along with the new curriculum for all students (see its section below).

All public and private elementary schools, high schools and colleges and universities in the Philippines start classes from early-June to mid-June and end from mid-March to early-April.

Implementation of the K-12 program

The implementation of the K-12 program is “phased”. The first phase of the implementation will start on SY 2012-2013. During this school year, universal kindergarten will be finally offered, and will now be a part of the compulsory education system; and a new curriculum for Grade 1 and Grade 7 students would be introduced. By SY 2016-2017, Grade 11/Year 5 will be introduced, and Grade 12/Year 6 by SY 2017-2018; with the phased implementation of the new curriculum finished by the SY 2017-2018.

However, during the new educational cycle, from 2016 to 2018, college enrollment could slow down or could turn to nil because of the entrance of the lower-year students to the new educational system.

Education system

Year(s) in school 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Former system
(used until June 3, 2012)
Grade/
Year
Elementary school High school
Grade
1
Grade
2
Grade
3
Grade
4
Grade
5
Grade
6
1st
Year
2nd
Year
3rd
Year
4th
Year
Age 6
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